The most diverse types of cotton are grown all around the world. Aside from cotton's natural colouring and purity, its most significant qualitative feature is, above all, the length of its fibres. Pima cotton, with a fibre length of more than 32 mm, is the highest quality grade available. The optimal climatic conditions prevailing on the northern coastal regions of Peru make the Pima cotton that is grown there the best in the worldwide. It is characterised by its special shine and is hence termed "South American silk".
Alpaca / baby alpaca
The natural habitat of the alpaca is the South American Andes. This is where the animals live at heights of up to 5,000 metres, being exposed to extreme variations in temperature all year round. With their unique wool coat, alpacas have optimally adapted to enduring these extreme living conditions. Smooth alpaca wool is, thus, characterised by excellent thermal properties and is relatively lightweight and yet very durable. Alpaca wool with especially fine fibres (approx. 19 to 22 microns) is classified as baby alpaca. It is uniquely soft.
Merino wool comes from the merino sheep, a fine-wool species of sheep that provides especially high-quality wool. Outstanding features of fine merino wool are a pronounced homogeneity and a high degree of elasticity. Furthermore, its light weight and softness make for irritation-free comfort. As the merino wool fibres are heavily rippled, this gives rise to air pockets that ensure highly effective temperature regulation and a high degree of breathability.
Silk is a very fine textile fibre derived from the cocoon of the silkworm. It ranks among the strongest natural fibres known to mankind. Silk is characterised by its unique shine and its lightweight quality. It has excellent shape retention properties and evens out temperature. Silk's excellent capacity for absorption of colouring agents makes it ideal for intensely coloured yarns.
Polyamide is a synthetic, man-made fibre that is principally used in blended yarns because of its specific properties. Polyamide is specifically characterised by a high degree of elasticity, its crease resistance and its light weight. Compared with other man-made fibres, such as acrylic, polyamide is exceptionally durable and rugged. When blended with natural fibres, such as virgin wool and cotton, polyamide increases the yarn's resistance and makes it possible to produce a voluminous blend while retaining a lightweight quality.
Although modal is described as a synthetic fibre, it is obtained from a purely organic cellular substance. More precisely, from wood chips. Only beech wood is used to produce modal. This is chopped up and subjected to a chemical process that makes it into the synthetic fibre modal. It is also the chemical process that first makes modal into a synthetic fibre. Modal itself is characterised by more pronounced tear and abrasion resistance than is the case with other synthetic fibres, such as viscose. At the same time, modal is softer than other synthetic fibres. This makes modal perfect for being combined with other soft fibres, such as cotton. Threads consisting of a blend of modal and cotton stand apart because of their silky sheen. They are also highly breathable.